Katya Knyazeva (avezink) wrote,
Katya Knyazeva

What synagogue?

The China Weekly Review, 18 Nov 1939:

Local Jews Mourn For Reich Pogrom Victims
A special memorial service for Jews who lost their lives in the great pogrom in Nazi Germany in November of last year was held in the Shanghai Synagogue last Sunday, with large numbers of the local Jewish refugee colony in attendance. The service climaxed a three-day mourning period to mark the first anniversary of what local refugees describe as the worst anti-Jewish pogrom in the history of Hitler's Third Reich. The pogrom followed the assassination of Herr Von Rath, Nazi secretary of the German Embassy in Paris, by a Jewish youth named Grynzspan.

Which Shanghai synagogue was that?

The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum (USHMM) has these two images, presumably taken in November 1939, captioned "A large crowd attends a memorial service for the first anniversary of Kristallnacht in a synagogue in Shanghai"



The same room – judging by the windows and the proscenium – is shown in this undated image from Jewish Refugees in Shanghai 1933–1947: A Selection of Documents, edited by Irene Eber:

What is this building? Ohel Moishe synagogue is too small, Ohel Rachel does not look like this inside, Beth Aharon did not have such windows either – maybe we're in a building behind it somewhere? Beth Aharon synagogue provided a temporary shelter and a canteen to the new arrivals from December 1938 all through 1939. So did the Embankment Building and Ward Road Camp, none of which have this architecture. And this is neither Canidrome nor Auditorium. This resembles the most – I think – the New Ashkenazi Synagogue on Route Tenant de la Tour, but in 1939 it was not built yet. A mystery...

UPDATE: There is a high likelihood this is the Broadway Theatre, on Wayside Road, which functioned as a synagogue in 1939. Unfortunately, I don't have good images of its interior or exterior back in the day.
Tags: 1930s, 1939, investigation, jews, shanghai, synagogue

Posts from This Journal “synagogue” Tag

  • Revisiting the “New Russian Synagogue”

    Another curious rediscovery is described in James Ross’ Escape To Shanghai: A Jewish Community in China (1994). This book, by the way, is…

  • This should be a quiz

    This fantastic cityscape – made of Palmer & Turner creations – is a delight to decipher. Can you name all the buildings? Click the…

  • Beth Aharon Synagogue in 1927

    During my final visit to the British Library, just before my departure from London, I looked at a 1927 brochure celebrating the opening of Beth…

  • Error

    default userpic

    Your reply will be screened

    Your IP address will be recorded 

    When you submit the form an invisible reCAPTCHA check will be performed.
    You must follow the Privacy Policy and Google Terms of use.