February 10th, 2020

+1 for the Russians

These two hospitals were designed in the 1930s for Tientsin (Tianjin 天津), but who copied whose design?

In October 1934, the British Municipal Council of Tientsin announced an open competition for the design of the British Hospital. In June 1935, the Shanghai-based Italian architect Paolo Chelazzi won the competition with this design:



Image: Fausto Giovannardi

Coincidentally or not, a year earlier, the Russian architect Vsevolod Kirkor, aka Wm. A. Kirk, also based in Shanghai, published this design of the Peiping-Liaoning Railway Hospital for Tientsin. A very similar building, except it was smaller and did not wrap its wings around the lawn:



I'm not sure about the realization of Chelazzi's project, but Kirk's hospital was built in 1936, at a low cost of $210,000. Here is the southern facade:


And here is the northern facade:


Given his criminal inclinations, Wm. A. Kirk was a surprisingly productive architect! The railway hospital 铁路医院 in Tianjin is still standing: